I don't think anyone means to imply that young women should be carefree and unconcerned about their own safety when walking at night, especially alone or after drinking. They should be vigilant and in a state of mental clarity when walking home.
However, there is a deeper message implicit in the way rapes are reported in the news and by authorities. There's an unspoken suggestion there that young women, when they choose to wear heels or go drinking or walk home alone, are somehow voluntarily crossing a line that puts them in the rape danger zone. Yes, they are still portrayed as victims, but as victims who somehow knowlingly made choices that made them more vulnerable.
That's the true crime of "victim-blaming"--not telling girls that they should be more careful, which is a reasonable request, but by implying that their carelessness is a choice which makes them more susceptible to rape. The mindset of the perpetrator and the circumstances are what create the scenario for sexual assault, not any behavior by the victim.
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