You are incorrect. There are only two secession declarations that mention slavery as a reason for secession: South Carolina and Mississippi. Yet slavery was older as the republic. Virginia mentioned slaveholding states were not being treated as equals in the Union.
The first seven states to secede were all heavy cotton exporting states. In 1860 the House passed the Morrill Tariff which raised taxes international trading states had to pay from around 18% to about 45%.
Mississippi stated in its secession declaration that the South had lost control of the government, which was abundantly clear in the election of Lincoln. There was little doubt the North's agenda of imposing crippling taxes on the South could no longer be blocked.
The Upper South did not declare secession until after Lincoln called for troops to invade the states that had seceded. These states had slavery, but were not as dependent on international trade. Slavery was not the reason for their secession. Lincoln's unconstitutional call for troops to force the states back into the Union was.
Lincoln called for troops to maintain the Union, not to end slavery. In his first inaugural he endorsed the Corwin Amendment which would prohibit the federal government from interfering with slavery, and stated he would only invade if the seceding states did not collect the new Morrill Tariff.
The Union was joined voluntarily. It was an agreement among the states. States had the right (States' Rights) to leave it and resume full sovereignty. Virginia, Rhode Island, and New York all reserved the right to leave the Union, if it became a danger to the liberty of the people of their states, when they ratified the Constitution. Since the states had the right to leave the Union, there was no treason in secession.
The other 13th Amendment is the Corwin Amendment. Google "Lincoln endorsed Corwin Amendment." The amendment passed under Buchanan and sent to the states for ratification in 1860. Lincoln endorsed it in his first inaugural saying he had no objection to permanently protecting slavery in the states, where it existed, through this amendment.
Powered by Foundation
© Copyright 2016,
Charleston City Paper